In Holland, a "village" has been created solely for those with dementia or Alzhiemer's. This place known as De Hogeweyk or "DementiaVillage" is shut off to the outside world, even the caretakers blend in by wearing street clothes. I have to wonder if these people with dementia are even aware of the situation or that the caretakers are caretakers and not just another person.
For the villagers, this is "real" life. The concept reminded me of The Truman Show-- those with dementia wouldn't know the difference between the village and the outside world. In fact, like Truman, they would think it was the outside world. It is the third order of simulacra according to Baudrillaud. Baudrillaud said, "It is no longer a question of imitation, nor duplication, nor even parody. It is question of substituting the signs of the real for the real." The creators have duplicated the real for those with dementia. Each person has an apartment with roommates, they can shop at a grocery store or go to a restaurant, and get their hair done. They live in a miniature version of the world.
Then, since we are aware of the fact that this village is "real" is it not hyperreal? Is it only hyperreal to those who live within it, unknown to the fact that they are restrained to just this small world? The village is basically a safe simulation of life because those with dementia don't know the difference, unlike say the caretakers. The founders of the village said the thought was so that those with dementia could live a "normal" life. But who is to say what is normal? Perhaps this village is nothing like what someone's life was like outside. It is a "fantasy" world. These people are here because it is deemed safer for them. Perhaps, but if it is a simulation then who is to say that it does not serve the same dangers as life outside? And is it ethical to place people in a "trapped" society? Maybe not others, but someone who has dementia perhaps it is. It seems a better alternative to say a nursing home.