The Play Six Characters in Search of an Author asks us, what constitutes reality? Are the characters in this play any more "real" than those actors in the "real world" because of their inability to escape the confines of their narrative? A narrative which has been placed upon them by their omnipotent creator (author), one reality (characters) as stagnant and unchanging, the other (actors), linear and ever morphing, "Our reality doesn't change: it cant change! It cant be other than what it is, because it is already fixed for ever. Its terrible...if you are really conscious of the fact that your reality is a mere transitory and fleeting illusion, taking this form today and that tomorrow" (Author act 3).
The Father argues that this permanence qualifies his "reality" as being the superior form, calling the Manager and his actors nobodies. Can this be true, is one's reality solidified by repetition?
The repetitious environment in which the characters live reinstates their specific character traits, the reliving of morbid events and strained relationships. Because of this cyclical narrative they continuously reaffirm "who they are" without the possibility of new or altering scenarios to their character. In stark contrast, the actors are living in an ever changing world which calls upon them to adapt, change and morph to best fit the "reality" they currently inhabit--acting to fit the part.
Speaking in terms of Author Function (Foucault), this play seems insistent on both killing off the author while simultaneously keeping him alive. We never see or hear him directly, but instead are told of, and are able to feel his presence through the tortured existence of his characters.